Choose the right sunglasses to avoid cataracts and macular degeneration
Are your sunglasses protecting your eyes? Ultraviolet rays increase the risk of cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. Your eyes are the window to your world. You should take every possible precaution to protect them and keep them healthy. To avoid causing damage and increasing the possibility of cataracts and macular degeneration, protect your eyes with the right pair of sunglasses.
How to Buy the Right Sunglasses
When it comes to buying sunglasses to protect your eyes, the most important factor to consider is UVA and UVB blockage. These rays cause damage to your eyes, the more of these rays your sunglasses block, the better.
For protection, look for sunglasses that block 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB rays or sunglasses that ‘absorb up to 400nm of UV radiation’. Quality sunglasses should have a sticker or tag on them stating this.
If you’re worried about cost, don’t be. You don’t have to spend a lot of money for designer sunglasses to get this level of protection. You can find men’s, women’s, and kid’s sunglasses in all price ranges that protect your eyes.
Bells & Whistles
Protection from ultraviolet rays is the most important factor to consider when buying sunglasses, but sunglasses have other features you might want to think about before you buy.
Tint — Most people assume darker tinted sunglasses provide more protection but this isn’t true. When it comes to protecting your eyes, the color of the lenses is more important that the darkness.
The eye health and safety organization, Prevent Blindness America, recommends sunglasses tinted gray, amber, brown, or green. AAO, the American Academy of Ophthalmology, recommends green lenses saying they give the best color contrast with little or no color distortion.
Polarization — This feature is important for fishermen, skiers, and anyone who drives. Polarization blocks the horizontal light wave patterns that reflect off flat surfaces and helps you see more clearly.
Blue Blocking — The AAO believes that retinas are more sensitive to blue light than any other light. Amber-colored lenses block this light.
Mirror Coating — This coating doesn’t offer protection from ultraviolet rays. Some mirror-coated sunglasses protect from UV rays, but not because of the mirror coating.
Whether you’re shopping for men’s sunglasses, women’s sunglasses, or kid’s sunglasses, remember the most important feature is the ability of the glasses to block ultraviolet rays.
Look for stickers or tags on the glasses to see what level of protection they offer. You’ll be pleasantly surprised to find reasonably priced sunglasses with 99% and 100% UVA and UVB blockage.